Wednesday, June 24, 2020

Definition of outdoor recreation essay

What is outdoor recreation? The term â€Å"recreation† comes from the word â€Å"recreate† that means to make something new. Outdoor recreation can be defined as activities to recreate something new in human that they totally lost being involved into the work. But here the main question appears — what they should recreate? Needless to say that recreation means the restoration of peoples spirit, body and mind. When people work, their energy is deteriorated, so they need some activities that are able to restore themselves. People can reach this point with various outdoor recreation activities. If to define the term â€Å"outdoor recreation†, using facts that we said above, its possible to say its any activity that engages people to spend time to distract from current problems and get some sort of satisfaction. All outdoor activities can be different, but they may be separated into 2 main groups named â€Å"resource based† and â€Å"user-oriented† outdoor recreation. The first group includes resource based activities that can be implemented in natural areas that are impossible to be easily created by human, and the second group is user-oriented activities that, in opposite, can be implemented anywhere, including landscapes, parks, etc. Health benefits that can be received from outdoor activity Lets see what benefits we can get from such a simple outdoor activity as walking. If you walk for at least three hours a week of 30 minutes each day, you can get next health benefits: lowering weight; normalizing blood pressure; lowering your stress; decreasing back pain; improving mood; preventing constipation; decreasing the possibility of heart attacks. Social benefits that can be received from outdoor activity The outdoor activities has a great positive impact on people. Recreation activities are able to bring people together, so it means communication between people that see each other rarely in their busy life, can be restored. Participating in various outdoor activities also help people to appreciate nature. In general, there are some social benefits that people can get through the various activities: physical and mental health; education benefits connected to the certain activity; bringing people together — its a great chance for people to reconnect with their family and good friends after hard work and get enjoyment from being together and doing something; making new friends; each member experiences the feeling of pride for themselves and for the entire community. Its obviously that outdoor activities can help people to keep themselves in a good physical and mental health. Apart from this, recreation fights with two major problems: obesity and stress. Nowadays, obesity affects a huge number of both adults and children. Needless to say it can lead to such diseases as diabetes, heart diseases, hypertension, etc. Thats why its so important to participate in outdoor activities, especially for children. Various types of physical activities like playing sport games with other kids can help burn a lot calories and stay positive and energized, so whether a child is affected with obesity or not, he or she must participate in outdoor activities with friends, such as playing football, camping, boating, hiking, etc. Another thing that affects modern people, is stress. We know that stress can increase the risk of heart attacks, obesity and blood pressure. Apart from this, stress affects our mood, decreasing sadness, bad emotions, stress, and anxiety. Even a simple spending time in parks or playing outdoor games can decrease these symptoms, so people can fight with stress using various types of outdoor activities.

Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Diversity Essay - 1109 Words

1. Describe the major differences between Maslows need hierarchy and Alderfers ERG explanation of motivation. According to Gibson, Ivancevich, Donnelly, and Konopaske the Maslow’s need hierarchy depends on what people already have and then grows up hierarchically, when the Alderfer’s states that needs depends more on three factors: existence, relatedness and growth. Maslow’s needs are more of pyramid, going from the simplest needs to the more complex one to fulfill being from bottom to top: 1) Physiological 2) Safety and security 3) Belongingness, social and love 4) Esteem 5) Self Actualization As we stated before, Alderfer states that these are the only three needs, that people need to satisfy: 1) Existence 2)†¦show more content†¦But this is because it is her own personal need and goal. When a manager wants to set a goal to an employee, he has to make sure that the employee will be ready and be able to handle all of these factors: Goal – Specificity, Difficulty, Intensity, and Commitment. The goal setting can lead to undesirable outcomes when the goal is too difficult to achieve and that the wrong employee has been designated to fulfill this goal. If the competence, skills, and level of performance of the employee are not high enough to achieve the goal set by the company, then the outcome has high chances of not being good, or being even worse could harm the company. Also, some employees might become obsessed with the completion of the goal, and therefor stop doing anything else, and taking lateness in other tasks he might had to do. The job could also be too hard for the employee or too complicated to achieve, leading to self-underestimation of the employee and cause other problems. It is to be remembered that unachievable goals can be used to assess the employee desire to achieve the goal, and his will or process taken in order to achieve it, how will he react to failure (as unachievable), how will he try to achieve the goal, by which means, etc. Several critics can me made over the goal setting, but inShow MoreRelatedDiversity And Diversity For A Company873 Words   |  4 PagesDiversity is a key contributor in today’s workforce. Many factors effect diversity and there are guidelines a company can follow to ensure it is diverse. Diversity and inclusion can be tools to create a competitive advantage for a company and can help solve issues by looking at problems from different perspectives. It also contributes to the employees by allowing for work with many types of people. According to Phillips and Gully (2014) â€Å"Diversity awareness enables you to hire, retain and motivateRead MoreDemographic Diversity And Cultural Diversity1700 Words   |  7 PagesDEMOGRAPHIC AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY GOPI KRISHNA CHALLA RIVIER UNIVERSITY Demographic and Cultural Diversity ABSTRACT The research is concerning Organizational Behavior which includes unusual types of Organizations with dissimilar types of public behaviors. Among that Demographic Diversity and Cultural Diversity of an Organization is extremely significant to turn into a triumphant organization or company in the marketplace Especially the Demographic and Cultural Diversity show the in good physicalRead MoreEssay on Diversity in the Workplace1258 Words   |  6 Pages Diversity in the workplace is a subject that has gained increased attention in the workplace over the past few years. After all, the impact of affirmative action and equal employment opportunity programs on the nations work force is undeniable. Women and minorities were the first to dramatically alter the face of the economic mainstream, while gays, persons with disabilities and senior citizens followed not far behind. The result is a diverse American labor force representing a microcosm of ourRead MoreDiversity And Cultural Diversity1 288 Words   |  6 PagesCultural diversity is defined as â€Å"the existence of a variety of cultural or ethnic groups within a society† (Google diversity). As we continue down the path of globalization it becomes important to reflect on the ever-changing landscape of society and the values people may have in them. This applies both towards society and the work place in which society must operate. Companies like Ernst Young, ATT, and Comcast acknowledge the changing landscape and are leading the charge towards becoming aRead MoreDiversity and Inclusion Paper1085 Words   |  5 PagesThinking About Diversity and Inclusion Paper SOC/315 December 15, 2010 Professor Dr. Lorthridge Introduction This paper will discuss and focus on the four dimensions of diversity: ethnicity, gender, differences in skills, abilities and personality traits and how they have an impact in my workplace. To be able to go further in this paper one should understand the definition of diversity. Diversity is a variety between people associated to factors such as culture, employment status, educationRead MoreThe Diversity Audit Project : Starbucks1406 Words   |  6 Pagesof the diversity audit project is to teach students how to analyze and measure diversity efforts of potential employers and as potential customers. In this globalizing world these skills are more important than ever. Many companies are making changes to diversify their employees and their customer base; this project is focused on investigating one company’s efforts. After this project students can expect to have gained a deeper knowledge of how to measure a company’s level of diversity and analyzeRead MoreThe Impac t Of Workplace Diversity On The Workplace997 Words   |  4 Pages Workplace diversity is a term which describes the inclusion of people in the workplace regardless of their cultural differences such as gender, race and sexuality. Rather than disregarding them, diverse workplaces utilise these differences to widen the range of experiences and skills among their employees as stated by the Australian Breastfeeding Association (2012). Some professions, however, are more diverse than others. According to the Diversity Inclusion: Unlocking Global Potential - GlobalRead MoreDiversity and Inclusion1102 Words   |  5 PagesDiversity is a notion, when applied to the majority of circumstances, can create a positive conclusion. The trick to producing a positive outcome is often how the different aspects are brought together. Consider a classic dinner combination peas and carrots, the two colors look appealing and the two flavors comes together as one making a superb side dish. Now consider oil and water, these two substance are not often considered a good c ombination. Although, this is not always the case; olive oil andRead MoreDiversity And Inclusion For Diversity1920 Words   |  8 PagesIn the most simplest terms diversity and inclusion can be explained by diversity being the mix and inclusion is getting the mix to work well together. In broader terms, diversity is anything that can be used to differentiate groups and people from one another. This can be anything from life experiences, learning styles, personality types to race, gender, sexual orientation or even county of origin. These differences can be used to achieve quality teaching, learning and support services. InclusionRead MoreDiversity And Equality And Diversity1852 Words   |  8 PagesDiversity tends to be established by people from different spheres of life including different ethnicities, cultures, and social settings. It allows individuals to appreciate and understand the interdependence of culture, the environment in which people are living, and humanity. Diver sity also helps individuals to build alliances and unity despite having a difference regarding their beliefs, religion, and culture. It helps one to recognize and appreciate that people are born different regarding

Monday, May 18, 2020

The Wine Industry South Africa - 1307 Words

The Dutch introduces the wine industry to South Africa in 1652 (Three Centuries of Cape Wine, n.d.). After centuries of evolution, the South African’s have found the wine industry to be very profitable. In Fact, South Africa is the 7th largest wine producer in the world (Giokos, 2016). This industry is so sturdy that during the recent recession while many South African’s have found themselves out of a job, the wine industry is touting that its exports have increased 5% in 2015 and were projecting even further growth in 2016 (Giokos, 2016). We will examine various aspects of the wine industry and conclude with an entry strategy into the market along with a potential business structure. Mike Veseth (2016) described the distribution of profits and loses of the South African wine industry with only 15% of the producers making strong profits. He broke out the rest of the market as follows: 49% making low and unsustainable profits, 6% breaking even which leaves 30% of th e companies losing money. Later he stated that even in the high cost areas of South Africa, wine is sold at a fairly low price compared to other nations in the world. The fact is that South African’s prefer to drink one of wines top competitors, beer, so the demand on wine in South Africa is relatively low. All of this shows that less than half of the South African industry it truly thriving in this market and leads to the fact that the money is in exporting the wine out of South Africa for the maximumShow MoreRelatedKwv Wines Shareholers Report Marina Ulkar Jimmy Essay examples956 Words   |  4 PagesKWV WINES SHAREHOLDER’S REPORT BY: MARINA YUROVA ULKAR NAJAFOVA JIMMY HUMANIA COMPANY’S DESCRIPTION KWV is one of the most famous and leading â€Å"wine and spirits† producing company in South Africa. Founded in 1918 as a winemaking co-operative, by wine makers from the Western Cape in South Africa. Today it is well-known global brand producing wine and spirits with a rich historical background and large variety of high quality wine. COMPETITORS The main competitors of KWV are: ââ€"  Distell Read MoreProduction Of Wine Production : Viticulture And Wine Making1238 Words   |  5 Pagesgrowing, and harvesting of grapes for the means of wine production. It is a global agriculture activity that encompasses the production of wine at vineyards by the use of grape growing. Viticulture is a rich and thriving industry which is demonstrated through of the aspects of its nature, spatial patters, and future directions of viticulture on a global scale. On a global level the wine industry involves two major undertakings: viticulture and wine making. Viticulture is a branch of the horticultureRead MoreWine Industry : The New World1358 Words   |  6 PagesOver the past decades, the wine industry has encountered a lot of changes. Wines are now very diverse and offer different kinds of tastes to the consumer. A wine will not be the same depending on the environment and the country it was produced. The perception of wine has evolved during the past few years and well-known bottles can be found all around the world due to the globalization. The majority of wine producers was originally located in Europe, in countries such as France, Italy or Spain. HoweverRead MoreWine Quality Of Wine Tourism1545 Words   |  7 PagesWine making history can be traced back to fourth century BC. Wine making in China has also last for at least 2000 years. Wine tourism is defined as a special tourist activities related to visit winery and wine producing ar ea thereby obtain broadly feelings and experiences, including wine tasting, wine appreciation, food, touring around wine producing areas and learning cultural and life style of the wine producing area. The activities usually last for one day or more (Zhan Li, 2009). Wine tourismRead MoreAnheuser Busch - Sabmiller Merger1267 Words   |  6 PagesAnheuser Busch – SABMiller Merger Anheuser-Busch was created when German immigrants Eberhard Anheuser and Adolphus Busch met in the mid-19th century. They banded together to become the most inventive force in the industry at the time. Through innovation and aggressive marketing tactics, they became one of the nation’s largest brewers, breaking the one million barrels sales mark for the first time in 1901. They managed to survive the depression by offering non-alcoholic drinks and cereal productsRead MoreThe Changing Nature, Spatial Patterns and Ecological Dimensions of a Global Economic Activity942 Words   |  4 Pagespatterns and ecological dimensions of a global economic activity Wine production involves two parts of economic activity – viticulture and wine making in the winery. In the global context, wine production is dynamic due to the influence of globalization, technological advancements and extensive research. These have essentially influenced the nature, spatial patterns and the ecological dimensions of the wine industry. Wine production involves the growing and harvesting of grapes in vineyardsRead MoreEssay on The Future of South Africa672 Words   |  3 PagesThe Future of South Africa Some things in South Africa are becoming better as we move into the future, while others are becoming worse. The government in South Africa is better. All the provisions of the new constitution were in place as of the year 1999. In June of 1999, President Nelson Mandela’s term ended, and Thabo Mbeki was elected as president. There was a peaceful change in government, and Mbeki is doing many things to help the country. Some of these include eliminating hatred betweenRead MoreGlobal Wine Wars1203 Words   |  5 PagesADVANCED MARKETING MANAGEMENT CASE REPORT: Global Wine Wars: New World Challenges Old (Harvard Business School Case # 9-303-056) NMI 1. How did the French become the dominant competitors in the increasingly global wine industry for centuries? What sources of competitive advantage were they able to develop to support their exports? Where were they vulnerable? French wine makers also face challenges that are not internal to the industry. For instance, France lost market share in the UnitedRead MoreWine War1169 Words   |  5 PagesCASE REPORT: Global Wine Wars: New World Challenges Old (Harvard Business School Case # 9-303-056) NMI 1. How did the French become the dominant competitors in the increasingly global wine industry for centuries? What sources of competitive advantage were they able to develop to support their exports? Where were they vulnerable? French wine makers also face challenges that are not internal to the industry. For instance, France lost market share in the United States due to informal boycottsRead MoreSabmiller Case Study Solution775 Words   |  4 Pagesolder than the state of South Africa, where it originated. It is the worlds second-largest brewer (after AB InBev). Brands: Fosters, Grolsch, Miller Brewing Company, Peroni Nastro Azzurro, Pilsner Urquell†¦ Global Presence: It has operations in 75 countries across Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America and South America. SABMiller now faces an important decision. Where to go from here? CASE STUDY ANALYSIS CASE STUDY – SABMiller Porter’s 5 Forces – Beer Industry Substitutes Very high

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Chapter 1â€Communication Skills as Career Filters - 8514 Words

Chapter 1—Communication Skills as Career Filters MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Communication skills a. are not as important as technical skills for career success. b. are not necessary in todays competitive job market. c. are ranked by recruiters at the top of qualities they most desire in job seekers. d. cannot be learned; they are innate. ANS: C Studies confirm that recruiters rank communication skills at the top of qualities they most desire in job seekers. Your ability to communicate will make you marketable and continue to be your ticket to success regardless of the current economic climate. The good news is that effective communication can be learned. PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 2 OBJ: Blooms Taxonomy: Comprehension NAT: AACSB: Tier†¦show more content†¦a. The number of telecommuting employees is expected to decline in the future. b. All companies assign offices for employees. c. Many employees today no longer need an office; they can work anytime and anywhere. d. Workers today spend more time in offices than workers in the past. ANS: C Technology advances allow todays employees to work anytime and anywhere with just a mobile phone and a wireless computer, causing the number of telecommuting employees to increase. PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 7 OBJ: Blooms Taxonomy: Comprehension NAT: AACSB: Tier 1---Reflective Thinking; Tier 2---Conclusion | AACSB: Tier 1---Information Technology; Tier 2---Communication Evolution TOP: Communication Skills: Your Ticket to Success 7. Which of the following statements is correct? a. Ethics is a priority for many businesses. b. Because of economic concerns, American companies are relying on local markets. c. Most companies encourage workers to work independently. d. Todays businesses are expanding their hierarchies to meet the demands of their workers and their competition. ANS: A After recent scandals, many businesses have a renewed interest in ethics and a dedication to regain public trust. In addition, these companies have expanded to global markets and have reduced layers of management to remain competitive. Companies also expect employees to work in teams more than ever. PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 6-7 OBJ:Show MoreRelatedChapter 1 Review Questions Business Communications Essay1171 Words   |  5 PagesBUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS—CHAPTER 1—CHAPTER REVIEW 6. | In what ways do communication skills act as a career filter? Page 2 | Your ability to communicate will make you marketable and continue to be your ticket to success regardless of the economic climate. | 7. | Do business professionals think that college graduates today are well prepared for the communication and writing tasks in the workplace? Page 2-3 | No. It is said that many college graduates failed the writing test because thereRead MoreThe Role Of Mentee And The Mentor Recognize Their Abilities And Limitations2489 Words   |  10 Pages1.Mentoring helps both the mentee and the mentor recognize their abilities and limitations, thus highlighting areas for future development. It helps prompt thought about career development and come to a realistic conclusion about their career potential. It can help increase the motivation of both the mentee and the mentor. The mentee gains a new direction or perspective while the mentor feels a sense of achievement when their mentee succeeds. It will develop communication skills. As well as the obviousRead MoreWhat Does It Mean For A New Business Environment?1112 Words   |  5 PagesEvolution is upon us in the business industry. Like the caterpillar who morphs into a beautiful butterfly, many companies are â€Å"Going Teal,† adapting to a new business environment that will help the or ganization thrive and move forward to the next chapter. What does it mean to go Teal? â€Å"Life is a journey, not a destination.† This statement applies to business organizations because it is difficult to have pre-planned goals and set the direction of a business in an ever changing environment in whichRead MoreHow to Improve Presentation Skill3884 Words   |  16 PagesChapter 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Definition of research problem Your presentations skills are just as important as the information you are presenting. Presentation skills are important for every individual when you have the need to present yourself. It is not only essential for your studying but also for future career. When you are applying for a job, you have to present yourself as a sincere applicant who is ready to improvise the organisation using his or her technical and non-technicalRead MoreRape Is Not On The Top Of My Safety Concerns1557 Words   |  7 Pages1.(a) STI Risk Scale, Staying Safe from Rape, Evaluating Sexually Harassing Behaviors, and What Turns You On? (b)STI Risk Scale. I have very low risk of receiving an STI from a potential partner. I am a cautious person in general, especially when it comes to my health. The only thing I noted as a 4 were the two statements asking about comfortability discussing sex and STIs with doctors or health professionals and sexual partner. I honestly do not know how I would feel talking about those issuesRead MoreStudent Record System3355 Words   |  14 PagesCHAPTER 1: THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTINGS 1.1: INTRODUCTION Education had been industrialized for the past centuries. From teaching and learning under a tree to developing the minds and skills of students through effective, efficient and modern way. Educational Institutions nowadays are focusing their mission and vision in the quality of education. To do this, they are equipped with numbers of professionals who will be the best asset in the course of education, the FacultyRead MoreThe Industrial Attachment Report7144 Words   |  29 Pages2012TABLE OF CONTENTSDeclaration †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ | | Dedication †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ | 4 | Abstract †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. | 5 | Acknowledgement†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. | 6 | CHAPTER ONE†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.INTRODUCTION†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.1.0Purpose†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦1.1 Scope†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã ¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..1.2 Location Of University†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Read MoreFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words   |  1056 Pagescom/go/permissions. To order books or for customer service please, call 1-800-CALL WILEY (225-5945). DeCenzo, David A, Robbins, Stephen P. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management—10th ed. ISBN-13 978-0470-16968-1 Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Brief Contents PA RT 1 Chapter 1 Chapter 2 UNDERSTANDING HRM The Dynamic Environment of HRM 2 Fundamentals of Strategic HRM 28 PART 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 THE LEGAL AND ETHICAL CONTEXT OF HRM Equal Employment OpportunityRead MoreOverview of Hrm93778 Words   |  376 Pageswork in HRM or not, most of these elements will affect you at some point in your career. Either you will be working with some organizations or having people working for you, in both cases you will be dealing with people. To be understandable and lively means that we need to communicate you. We start every chapter with learning objectives. The most important thing you will get out of this course are the basic skills required to succeed in today’s environment which are, you must be able to communicateRead MoreAn Effective Performance Management System1991 Words   |  8 PagesSection 1: Introduction The theme of this paper is to formulate an effective performance management system, incorporate the HR concepts needed to manage that system, identify any strengths or weaknesses with the plan provide recommendations to implement the performance management plan. The references used will come from Chapt er 8-10 of the textbook and several other web based sources. Section 2: Content. The subject of my research paper and performance management system will be an organization

A Chinese Poem translated by Ezra Pounds Essay Example For Students

A Chinese Poem translated by Ezra Pounds Essay The River-Merchants Wife: A Letter is a poem originally composed by Li-Po in 701-762 AD, then translated by Ezra Pound. The poem was translated in 1915 and was published as part of Cathay, Pounds collection. This Letter Poem is not written in rhyme, however the images and musical tones found within the prose compensate for this. Living in London at that time, Pound discovered the Imagistic movement, he felt that the Chinese had long practiced imagism. The technique is present in the poem from beginning to end. This text will be discussing the authors images of love and sorrow by means of a Chinese womans life. The woman writing the letter begins with her childhood memories. Since Chinese girls all have straight bangs, the first line proves us she is talking about herself as a child. The author repeats the word playing three consecutive times describing the childrens innocents (Pound 2,3,4). Pound also uses flowers, bamboo stilts, and blue plums all of which are the serene playing objects of the characters, representing nature. This may be yet another sign of innocence. In the first line the woman says she still has bangs, this may mean that she is still innocent and naive at the time she is writing the letter, waiting for her husband. Then, the two children move together. However, love does not seem to be an important element in the womans childhood memories. One can say this because in the sixth line she says they left without dislikes or suspicions (Pound 6). From this we can assume that they did not feel love for one another, she relates to their love as a plain and neutral relationship. Chinese traditions involved the father choosing his daughters husband. We can expect this to have happened in this poem leading us to believe that there are no real feelings of love. Since she got married with this man at fourteen, she was shy and timid. Pound conveys to us that there is no joy within her as she was authorized to be with him; she had no choice but to be with him so never looked back. Moreover, the poet refers to the womans husband as My Lord you, which indicates the husbands domineering attitude and demand for respect (Pound 7). Nevertheless, Pound softens this by placing a you after My Lord. This keeps the sentence from ending roughly, and also conveys the impression that the woman has accepted this fact. We also know that at the time she is writing she does love him. Perhaps if she had written the letter at fourteen years of age, she may have seen him simply as her Lord. After a year of marriage, the woman changes her thoughts and feelings towards her husband. She then believes that she loves him and will do so forever. Pound insists on forever leading us to the realization of the extent of her new love (Pound 13). When she turns sixteen, her husband leaves to work in a river with swirling eddies, mirroring her worry and fright. She interprets the monkeys noise as being of sorrow, again mirroring her grief. He did not want to leave her either as he left dragging his feet. At this point, Pound reverses his style, plunging into multiple levels of abstract images. Five months, maybe more, pass and the moss by the river has grown so deep that she cant even remove it. This image can be viewed as sorrow growing in her heart, a feeling strongly affecting her. She also sees the darkness of autumn and the signs that its coming brings, such as leaves falling in wind. The paired butterflies are fading color, just like the relationship with her lover is fading. The line Over the grass in the West garden; makes us doubt that her husband is still alive (Pound 24). Since the West is where the sun sets, it often symbolizes death. It may also simply show the end of their relationship. Obviously, one can feel that her husband may never come back. .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8 , .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8 .postImageUrl , .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8 , .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8:hover , .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8:visited , .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8:active { border:0!important; } .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8:active , .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8 .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u45e1ff616208e0373f998573b6701ec8:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Chinese Calligraphy, Painting and History EssayWe do not know exactly what has happened to him, but it is put into light that she will probably never see him again. When the woman says in the letter that she desired her dust being mingled with his, she may have meant that she simply wanted to die and join him forever and ever. Although, she will wait for him and will never look for another man, she is ready to join him halfway through the river if ever he is still alive. After she has realized he did not come back, she might have returned to the place of their childhood. If so, an obvious contrast is offered by the happy playing of children with nature and the cold side of nature during the time she is lonesome and sad. At one point the woman openly declares emotions for the first time in the letter: They hurt me. I grow older (Pound 25). All these fading natural images and statement of emotions empowers the fact that she is old and lonesome and that the grief she faces is speeding her aging. The moss, the arrival of early autumn, the butterflies and the West garden make her realize how old she is and how she suffers. Her vision of there events is warped by her pain, keeping her from realizing any good. In the last ten and a half lines the reader can feel the speed with which her life is slipping away. It passes very quickly, as if compressing her pain, making it bearable in a lonesome background. Pound puts gentleness to the poem by ending it with hope; the beginning represents childrens innocents, and then goes through pain and grief, to finish with the hope of joining her husband again. Through great images of nature the author of this poem shows us the impact of grief upon one who is apart from her love. This journey through the life of a Chinese woman, first forced to marry and then despite herself falls in love with this man, is about human sorrow and how we deal with separation. The translation by Pound resounds with grief and effectively makes use of natural imagery. This letter is not sent to anyone, it simply goes through her life and emotions as if she is talking to herself. The poem contains a lot of I and you so that the reader can personally relate to it. Her husbands departure soon after she began to truly love him causes her to feel pain and grief, causing her perception of the world to change Even though the man is supposed to be back, there still is doubts in the images given to us that never he will return; he may have died or may simply decide to never come back. However, we can hope that happiness will come anew.

Log Shipping Essay Research Paper The concept free essay sample

Log Shipping Essay, Research Paper The construct of standby waiters is non a new one. It has been around a long clip and been used by many DBAs. Traditionally, utilizing a standby waiter for failover has involved manually doing database and log backups on the production waiter and so reconstructing them to the standby waiter on a regular footing. This manner, should the production waiter fail, so users could entree the standby waiter alternatively, and downtime and informations loss would be minimized. What is Log Transporting Basically, log transportation is the procedure of automatizing the backup of database and dealing log files on a production SQL waiter, and so reconstructing them onto a standby waiter. This in consequence keeps the two SQL Servers in # 8220 ; synch # 8221 ; . Problems with Log Transporting log transportation is a via media. It is non the ideal solution, but it is frequently a practical solution given real-world budget restraints. Some of the jobs with log transporting include: + Log transportation failover is non automatic. The DBA must still manually failover the waiter, which means the DBA must be present when the failover occurs. + The users will see some downtime. How long depends on how good you implemented log transportation, the nature of the production waiter failure, your web, the standby waiter, and the application or applications to be failed over. + Some informations can be lost, although non ever. How much information is lost depends on how frequently you schedule log transportation and whether or non the dealing log on the failed production waiter is recoverable. + The database or databases that are being failed over to the standby waiter can non be used for anything else. But databases on the standby waiter non being used for failover can still be used usually. + When it comes clip for the existent failover, you must make one of two things to do your applications work: either rename the standby server the same name as the failed production waiter ( and the IP reference ) , or re-point your user # 8217 ; s applications to the new standby waiter. In some instances, neither of these options is practical. Log Transporting with SQL Server 7.0 In the yesteryear, SQL Server developers and DBAs have had to make customized books to implement log transportation. But with SQL Server 7.0, Microsoft provided undocumented maulerss into the drawn-out stored process xp_sqlmaint to assist automatize log transportation. The Microsoft BackOffice 4.5 Resource Kit ( BORK ) Log Transporting public-service corporation consists of books and instructions that use these maulerss into xp_sqlmaint for making a largely automated log-shipping solution. You can acquire BORK from Microsoft Press for $ 250 retail ( about $ 130 street monetary value ) . Microsoft developed the BORK Log Shipping public-service corporation, as it did all its resource kit public-service corporations, for internal usage at Microsoft ; Microsoft Product Support doesn # 8217 ; t back up the public-service corporation. And you # 8217 ; ll happen the BORK Log Shipping public-service corporation rough around the borders. Although it automates much of the log-shipping procedure, the public-service corporation requires a just sum of manual apparatus and disposal. However, SQL Server 2000 Enterprise Edition to the full supports lo g transportation and provides a more polished interface than the BORK public-service corporation. In a log-shipping execution, neglecting over to the standby waiter is a manual procedure. If you require automated failover, a better solution is Microsoft Cluster Services ( MSCS ) , which automatically fails over one bunch node to another bunch node. However, the constellating solution costs more than log transportation, requires extra specialised hardware, and forces a closer yoke, or dependence, of primary and secondary waiters. To put up log transportation, all you need is the BORK public-service corporation, adequate disc infinite on your production and standby waiters to hive away the database and dealing log backup files, and a web connexion between the waiters. Log Transporting with SQL Server 2000 SQL Server 2000 Enterprise Edition to the full supports log transporting apparatus and monitoring. The Enterprise Edition # 8217 ; s Database Maintenance Plan Wizard includes a cheque box on the Transaction Log Backup duologue box that lets you stipulate transporting the log to another waiter. To utilize this option, you must first set up file portions on the beginning and finish waiters for the dealing log booklets. The ace will so execute the full database backup and restore, create the dealing log backup occupation, and make the occupations on the finish waiter that transcript and burden the backups. As with the Microsoft BackOffice 4.5 Resource Kit ( BORK ) Log Shipping public-service corporation for SQL Server 7.0, these log-shipping occupations call the xp_sqlmaint extended stored process to execute their undertakings. The ace besides creates watchful occupations for the transcript and burden operations ; these occupations call the same monitoring stored processs as the BORK public-service corporation calls. However, the stored processs and tabular arraies underlying SQL Server 2000 # 8217 ; s log-shipping functionality differ from and hold more consistent names than the stored processs and tabular arraies that provide the BORK functionality. SQL Server 2000 has seven tabular arraies to BORK # 8217 ; s three and has four stored processs for monitoring. Overall, the SQL Server 2000 system is more polished than the BORK version. With SQL Server 2000, you can supervise log transportation through the Enterprise Manager alternatively of through the stored processs. When you set up log transportation, the Database Maintenance Plan Wizard places a Log Shipping Monitor in the Management node of the waiter you specify. This proctor consists of a Tab duologue box that lets you observe log transportation # 8217 ; s position and alteration scenes for the beginning and finish waiters. You can besides see transcript and burden histories by right-clicking the Log Shipping Monitor in the inside informations window glass. Like SQL Server 7.0, SQL Server 2000 doesn # 8217 ; t offer machine-controlled support for failover or for altering the waiters # 8217 ; functions so that log transportation goes the other way. Alternatively, SQL Server 2000 supplies four stored processs to help in the failover procedure and relies on a new constitutional Data Transformation Services ( DTS ) characteristic to reassign logins from the beginning to the finish waiter. You can utilize the stored processs to decide the logins on the former standby waiter, to alter the waiters # 8217 ; functions, and even to alter which server the Log Shipping Monitor resides on.

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Social Organization Essays - Marriage, Polygamy, Family, Gender

Social Organization Swazi's are said to belong to the Nguni people who lived in central Africa and migrated to southern Africa. They speak the Siswati language , a language earlier spoken by the Nguni group of the Bantu family. They seem to have settle in Swaziland around five hundred years ago. They were then ruled by the British from the mid 19th century to mid 20th century. Swaziland is a monarchy and is ruled by King Mswati III. Social Organization The social organization in the Swazi's is like any other African tribe. The homestead is the economic and domestic unit of the family. It is headed by the Umnumza or headman who is in charge of the family which includes his wives and children. Sons will bring there wives to the homestead and setup home within it while the daughters move to their in-laws. The occupants who reside in the homestead can also be distant relatives or non dependents. Therefore the number of people for whom the headman is responsible economically ,legally and by ritual may vary according his status and wealth. A wealthy headman may have many wives therefore he has a large number of people he is responsible for. The headman usually would subdivide the large homestead in order to gain access to larger tracts of cultivable land or divide quarrelsome wives . The homestead is planned according to the relationships between its inhabitants . Usually in the center of the homestead is the cattle pen and grain storage units, which are underground flask shaped pits. Women are not allowed access to theses places. The living quarters are grouped in a semicircle with the indlunkuku ( great hut) which is home to the most important woman in the homestead , the mother of the headman. If she is dead then a substitute mother is appointed. On the sides are the quarters of the wives ,each with her own sleeping ,cooking and storage huts and enclosed with a reed fence for protection against `wind . The ranking of wives is not rigid but it depends on the headman and his preference of wives. the clear demarkation of the wives huts and the fact that each of them own their own garden land and cattle does not erase the fact that the headman's mother's house is supreme. The children sleep with their mother's until they are old enough to stay with their paternal grandmother . Then they are separated by sex . Growing girls stay close to their mother while boys and unmarried men stay at the edge of the homestead. Marriage is important to Swazi's. Arranged marriages are common but are declining because of the growing independence of the women which is supported by western culture. After the bride has been selected the two families start formal negotiations concerning the bride price. The bride price is paid in order to get married. The king is an exception to this, he has the right to take by force any girl he likes (quoma). The bride price is usually cattle .It differs with the status of the women, commoners ask for 100 while princesses ask for 200 cattle or more . The Swazi marriage is an elaborate affair. It consists of many religious ceremonies . This too is declining because most Swazi's are Christian converts and prefer to get married in churches. The bride is sent from home with blessing from her ancestors and gifts fro her in-laws. Initially she has to appear reluctant and decline the welcome demonstrations held by her future in-laws. she enters the cow pen where she is pleading her brothers to rescue her. In the end she accepts her faith and her future mother in-law smears red clays symbolizing loss of virginity. She is given a baby which depicts her role as a mother and wife. As most African tribes polygamy is accepted and encouraged in the Swazi culture. Polygamy is only practiced among Swazi's who are wealthy and can support their wives. In the Swazi culture the woman primary role is to bear children. The grooms group can claim any children the woman bears irrespective of the biological father. In case the woman does not bear any children provision is made for her sister to bear children for her. The brides family is not allowed to ask for any bride wealth in this case . Although divorces are recognized by the Swazi traditional law they are uncommon. A woman may leave her husband only for brutal behavior . The families try